Breast ironing wikipedia the free encyclopedia-Breast ironing - Wikipedia

The synonym gavage comes from the French term for the force-feeding of geese to produce foie gras. The practice goes back to the 11th century, and has been reported to have made a significant comeback in Mauritania after a military junta took over the country in Older women called "fatteners" force the young girls to consume enormous quantities of food and liquid, [5] inflicting pain on them if they do not eat and drink. One way of inflicting pain is to pinch a limb between two sticks. A six-year-old might typically be forced to drink 20 litres 4.

Breast ironing wikipedia the free encyclopedia

Breast ironing wikipedia the free encyclopedia

Breast ironing wikipedia the free encyclopedia

The Chicago Breast ironing wikipedia the free encyclopedia of Professional Psychology. Instances of IPV tend not to be reported to police and thus many experts find it hard Football twinks estimate the true magnitude of the problem. Retrieved February 24, In the wake of the reporter Lisa Olson being harassed by a Patriots player in the locker room inshe reflected, "We are taught to think we must have done something wrong and it took me a while to realize I hadn't done anything wrong. Livy claims that no sexual assault took place. This is especially the case in ecyclopedia where female virginity is highly valued and considered mandatory before marriage; in extreme cases, rape victims are killed in honor killings. Staff writer December Full text available here [1].

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Contained within it is the recognition of "the urgent need for the universal application to women of the rights and principles with regard to equality, security, liberty, integrity and dignity of all human beings".

  • Breast ironing , also known as breast flattening , [1] is the pounding and massaging of a pubescent girl's breasts , using hard or heated objects, to try to make them stop developing or disappear.
  • Ironing means getting the creases out of clothes after they have been washed and dried.
  • Breast ironing is the pounding and massaging of a pubescent girl's breasts , using hard or heated objects, to try to make them stop developing or disappear.
  • Such language as "ripe for sex" is prima facie ignorant.

Breast ironing , also known as breast flattening , [1] is the pounding and massaging of a pubescent girl's breasts , using hard or heated objects, to try to make them stop developing or disappear.

Other tools used include leaves, [1] bananas, coconut shells, [2] grinding stones, ladles, spatulas, [4] and hammers heated over coals. Breast ironing is derived from the ancient practice of breast massaging. Cameroonians now use the practice on girls who develop at a younger age for their alleged safety.

A report suggested that the rise in the incidence of breast ironing is due to the earlier onset of puberty, caused by dietary improvements in Cameroon over the last 50 years. The later age of marriage may be due to changed social norms that allow girls and women to attend school through university and to hold jobs in the formal sector.

Women who delay marriage in pursuit of education and career can procure the corresponding benefit of financial independence later in life, whereas girls who become pregnant are often forced to drop out of school and forgo formal employment. One of the only full-length reports on breast ironing dates from , when a Cameroonian NGO sponsored by the German development agency GTZ called it "a harmful traditional practice that has been silenced for too long".

There are fears that the practice has spread to the Cameroonian diaspora, for example to Britain. Breast ironing is extremely painful and can cause tissue damage.

As of [update] , there have been no medical studies on its effects. The practice ranges dramatically in its severity, from using heated leaves to press and massage the breasts, to using a scalding grinding stone to crush the budding gland. Due to this variation, health consequences vary from benign to acute. Breast ironing can cause women to fear sexual activity. Aside from physical effects, many women suffer mental trauma after undergoing breast ironing.

Victims feel as if it is punishment and often internalise blame, and fear breastfeeding in the future. As well as being dangerous, breast ironing is criticised as being ineffective for stopping early sex and pregnancy.

The GIZ survey found that in , 39 percent of Cameroonian women opposed breast ironing, with 41 percent expressing support and 26 percent indifferent. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Part of a series on Violence against women Issues Acid attack Breast ironing Dating abuse Domestic violence outline management and pregnancy Eve teasing Female genital mutilation Gishiri cutting Infibulation Foot binding Force-feeding Forced abortion Forced marriage Forced pregnancy Marriage by abduction Raptio Witch trials Killing Bride burning Dowry death Honor killing Femicide Infanticide Matricide Pregnant women Sati Sororicide Uxoricide Sexual assault and rape Sexual assault Campus sexual assault Mass sexual assault Sexual violence Child sexual initiation Rape and pregnancy laws Types of rape by deception corrective date gang genocidal in war marital prison statutory Forced prostitution Sexual slavery Fetish slaves Human trafficking Violence against prostitutes Widow cleansing Related topics Prosecution of gender-targeted crimes Women's shelter 25 November 6 February By country Gender violence v t e.

Feinstein International Center Tufts University. BBC News. Retrieved AlertNet, Reuters. Archived from the original on May 21, Reproduced at the Child Rights Information Network. IPS News. London: Independent. Retrieved 27 September The Guardian.

Retrieved 14 February Archived from the original on Archived from the original on January 18, Current TV. Archived from the original on April 10, A harmful practice that has been silenced for too long" PDF. Gender Empowerment and Development.

The Greenwood encyclopedia of children's issues worldwide. Greenwood Publishing Group. Violence against women. Abuse during childbirth Acid attack Breast ironing Bride burning Bride buying Dating abuse Domestic violence outline management and pregnancy Dowry death Eve teasing Honor killing Female genital mutilation Gishiri cutting Infibulation Husband stitch Female infanticide Femicide Foot binding Force-feeding Forced abortion Forced marriage Forced pregnancy Forced prostitution Human trafficking Murder of pregnant women Raptio Sati Violence against prostitutes.

Sexual assault Campus sexual assault Mass sexual assault Rape and pregnancy laws Types of rape by deception corrective date gang genocidal in war marital prison statutory Sexual slavery Sexual violence. Prosecution of gender-targeted crimes November 25th February 6th Serial rapist. Hidden categories: All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from February Articles containing potentially dated statements from All articles containing potentially dated statements.

Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Part of a series on. Acid attack Breast ironing Dating abuse Domestic violence outline management and pregnancy Eve teasing Female genital mutilation Gishiri cutting Infibulation Foot binding Force-feeding Forced abortion Forced marriage Forced pregnancy Marriage by abduction Raptio Witch trials.

Sexual assault Campus sexual assault Mass sexual assault Sexual violence Child sexual initiation Rape and pregnancy laws Types of rape by deception corrective date gang genocidal in war marital prison statutory Forced prostitution Sexual slavery Fetish slaves Human trafficking Violence against prostitutes Widow cleansing. Prosecution of gender-targeted crimes Women's shelter 25 November 6 February By country Gender violence.

Views Read Edit View history. With the help of sponsors, a group of teenage girls called the Association of Aunties has produced a television campaign to expose the problems of breast ironing. Section: Variety; Page 1E. A rise in the incidence of breast ironing in recent times has been attributed to the earlier onset of puberty, caused by dietary improvements in Cameroon over the last 50 years. August Vandenburg and J.

Breast ironing wikipedia the free encyclopedia

Breast ironing wikipedia the free encyclopedia

Breast ironing wikipedia the free encyclopedia

Breast ironing wikipedia the free encyclopedia. definition - breast ironing

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Eve teasing - Wikipedia

The synonym gavage comes from the French term for the force-feeding of geese to produce foie gras. The practice goes back to the 11th century, and has been reported to have made a significant comeback in Mauritania after a military junta took over the country in Older women called "fatteners" force the young girls to consume enormous quantities of food and liquid, [5] inflicting pain on them if they do not eat and drink.

One way of inflicting pain is to pinch a limb between two sticks. A six-year-old might typically be forced to drink 20 litres 4. Although the practice is abusive, mothers claim there is no other way to secure a good future for their children. The younger generations of males in Mauritania now see fattening negatively. Mohamed el-Mounir, Girls being force-fed for marriage as fattening farms revived , The Guardian, 1st March The folklorist who wrote down the story explained the treatment of the "pretty daughter": "The fatting house is a room where a girl is kept for some weeks before her marriage.

She is given plenty of food, and made as fat as possible, as fatness is looked upon as a great beauty by the Efik people. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article's use of external links may not follow Wikipedia's policies or guidelines. Please improve this article by removing excessive or inappropriate external links, and converting useful links where appropriate into footnote references.

April Learn how and when to remove this template message. Fattening is something from the s. These days girls watch fashion shows on television. Their role models are American actresses or Lebanese singers in sexy dresses. Girls do sport. Yes, Mauritanian men like slightly round women. But there is no way we want them obese. New York: Routledge.

Accessed on June 30, If a girl refused or vomited, the village weight-gain specialist might squeeze her foot between sticks, pull her ear, pinch her inner thigh, bend her finger backward or force her to drink her own vomit. In extreme cases, girls die, due to a burst stomach. The practice was known as gavage, a French term for force-feeding geese to obtain foie gras.

Girls being force-fed for marriage as junta revives fattening farms , The Observer , March 1, Hidden categories: Wikipedia external links cleanup from April Wikipedia spam cleanup from April Articles containing Arabic-language text.

Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Part of a series on. Acid attack Breast ironing Dating abuse Domestic violence outline management and pregnancy Eve teasing Female genital mutilation Gishiri cutting Infibulation Foot binding Force-feeding Forced abortion Forced marriage Forced pregnancy Marriage by abduction Raptio Witch trials.

Sexual assault Campus sexual assault Mass sexual assault Sexual violence Child sexual initiation Rape and pregnancy laws Types of rape by deception corrective date gang genocidal in war marital prison statutory Forced prostitution Sexual slavery Fetish slaves Human trafficking Violence against prostitutes Widow cleansing. Prosecution of gender-targeted crimes Women's shelter 25 November 6 February By country Gender violence.

Breast ironing wikipedia the free encyclopedia

Breast ironing wikipedia the free encyclopedia